Calculating the Maximum Wire Length - PENN Controls - VFD68Bxx - VFD68Cxx - Three‐Phase Motor Speed Controller - VFD68 Three‐Phase Variable Frequency Drive

VFD68 Variable Frequency Drives (230 or 460 VAC) Installation Guide

Brand
PENN Controls
Product name
VFD68 Three‐Phase Variable Frequency Drive
Document type
Installation Guide
Part number
24-7664-3108
Document revision
F
Revision date
2019-08-16
Language
English

Procedure

  1. Use the recommended wire size in accordance with local, national, and regional regulations to determine the electrical resistance of the wire (R) according to Table 1.
    Table 1. Electrical Resistance by Wire Size
    Recommended Wire Size1 Electrical Resistance of Wire (milliohms/meter)
    25 mm2 0.727
    21.2 mm2 (4 AWG) 0.815
    16 mm 1.15
    13.3 mm2 (6 AWG) 1.30
    10 mm2 1.83
    8.3 mm2 (8 AWG) 2.06
    6 mm2 3.08
    5.3 mm2 (10 AWG) 3.28
    4 mm2 4.61
    3.3 mm2 (12 AWG) 5.21
    2.5 mm2 7.41
    2 mm2 (14 AWG) 8.28
    1.5 mm2 12.1
  2. Find the rated voltage (V) and maximum output current (I) from the rating plate on the selected VFD68 Drive.
  3. Use Figure 1 to determine the maximum recommended wiring length for the VFD68 Drive.
    Figure 1. Maximum Wire Length Calculation

    Note: If the maximum wire length needs to be extended, select a larger wire size and recalculate the maximum wire length. Do not exceed 100 m.
    Note: Maximum wiring length is also affected by the setting of P. 72. See PWM Frequency, Audible Motor Noise, and EMI.

    Example:

    Given a VFD68BGG-2C model, what is the maximum wiring length?

    1. Table 1 indicates that a VFD68BGG-2C model is a 230 VAC Drive, rated for 1.49 kW (2 HP).
    2. The rating information plate (Figure 1) for that model indicates that the VFD68BGG Drive has a voltage rating of 230 VAC and a maximum output rating of 7 amperes.
    3. Table 1 gives the recommended wire size as 14 AWG.
    4. Table 1 shows 14 AWG size wire as having an electrical resistance of 8.28 milliohms/meter.
    5. Using the equation in Figure 1 and using the values we found in the steps above:

      (11.5 * 230) / (7 * 8.28) = 2656.6 / 57.96 = 45.8

      The maximum wire length is 45.8 meters.

1 The mm wire sizes that are given as equivalences to the AWG wire sizes are not commercially available.